To Draw Easily And Correctly A Landscape Or Any Other Object

without being obliged to observe the Rules of Perspective, and without

the Aid of the Camera Obscura.

Procure a box of pasteboard, A B C D, Fig. 13, of about a foot and a

half long, and made in the shape of a truncated pyramid, whose base, B

D F G, is eight inches wide, and six inches high. Fix to the other end

of it a tube of four or five inches long, and which you can draw out

from the box more or less. Line the inside of the box with black

paper, and place it on a leg or stand of wood, H, and on which it may

be elevated or depressed by the hinge I.

Take a small frame of wood, and divide it at every inch by lines of

black silk drawn across it, forming forty-eight equal parts; divide

these into still smaller equal parts, by lines of finer silk:[C] fix

this frame at the end of B D, as the base of the pyramid.

Provide a drawing-paper, divided into the same number of parts as in

the frame, by lines, lightly drawn in pencil. It is not material of

what size these divisions are; that will depend entirely on the size

you propose to draw the objects by this instrument.

Place this instrument opposite a landscape, or any other object that

you want to draw, and fix the leg firmly on, or in the ground, that it

may not shake; then turning it to the side you choose, raise or

incline it, and put the tube further in or out, till you have gained

an advantageous view of the object you intend to draw.

Place your eye, E, by the instrument, which you have adjusted to the

height of your eye, and, looking through the tube, carefully observe

all that is contained in each division of the frame, and transpose it

to the corresponding division in your paper; and if you have the least

knowledge in painting or even drawing, you will make a very pleasing

picture, and one in which all the objects will appear in the most

exact proportion.

By the same method you may draw all sorts of objects, as architecture,

views, &c., and even human figures, if they remain some time in the

same attitude, and are at a proper distance from the instrument.

[C] The different thicknesses of the silk serve to

distinguish more readily the corresponding divisions.

To Diversify The Colours Of Flowers To Drive Or Ram Rockets Rockets Are Filled Hollow Otherwise They facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail