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Scalds And Burns








The following facts cannot be too firmly impressed
on the mind of the reader, that in either of these accidents the
first, best and often the only remedies required, are sheets of
wadding, fine wool, or carded cotton, and in the default of these,
violet powder, flour, magnesia or chalk. The object for which these
several articles are employed is the same in each instance; namely, to
exclude the air from injured part; for if the air can be effectually
shut out from the raw surface, and care is taken not to expose the
tender part till the new cuticle is formed, the cure may be safely left
to nature. The moment a person is called to a case of scald or burn, he
should cover the part with a sheet, or a portion of a sheet, of
wadding, taking care not to break any blister that may have formed, or
stay to remove any burnt clothes that may adhere to the surface, but as
quickly as possible envelope every part of the injury from all access
of the air, laying one or two more pieces of wadding on the first, so
as to effectually guard the burn or scald from the irritation of the
atmosphere; and if the article used is wool or cotton, the same
precaution, of adding more material where the surface is thinly
covered, must be adopted; a light bandage finally securing all in their
places. Any of the popular remedies recommended below may be employed
when neither wool, cotton nor wadding are to be procured, it being
always remembered that that article which will best exclude the air
from a burn or scald is the best, quickest, and least painful mode of
treatment. And in this respect nothing has surpassed cotton loose or
attached to paper as in wadding.

If the Skin is Much Injured in burns, spread some linen pretty
thickly with chalk ointment, and lay over the part, and give the
patient some brandy and water if much exhausted; then send for a
medical man. If not much injured, and very painful, use the same
ointment, or apply carded cotton dipped in lime water and linseed oil.
If you please, you may lay cloths dipped in ether over the parts, or
cold lotions. Treat scalds in same manner, or cover with scraped raw
potato; but the chalk ointment is the best. In the absence of all
these, cover the injured part with treacle, and dust over it plenty of
flour.





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